How To Choose The Right Domain Name

A Good Domain Name

Your domain name is the center of your Internet identity. So what type of things should you take into consideration when choosing the name that will represent you on the Web?

Choosing the right domain name can be critical to the success of a website. Most Internet users remember websites by their domain names; your domain name will affect the way people link to you, and the way you rank in search engines. Take a little bit of time to consider what is important in your domain name.

Anatomy of a domain name:

Each domain name consists of two parts – the Mid Level Domain (MLD), and the Top Level Domain (TLD). The Mid Level domain is what most people remember: Google, CNN, or eBay. The Top Level Domain is the portion after the dot: COM, NET, ORG, etc. There are also specific TLDs for each country (cc, fr, uk), educational sites (edu), and government sites (gov). Many of the TLDs are only available to residents of the particular country, or to organization that meet specific requirements, like educational accreditation.

How to make the best domain name:

Keep it short, and simple. The shorter it is the easier it is to remember.

Even though you can register a name that is over 60 characters, you should register the shortest name that your customers and visitors will associate with your website.  Consider the difference between and

Some argue that shorter domain names are easier to remember, easier to type and far less susceptible to mistakes: for example, “” is easier to remember and less prone to typos than “”. Others argue that a longer domain name is usually easier on the human memory – for example, “” is a sequence of seemingly unrelated letters, whereas clearly indicates what it is.

I would recommend a name that is more than 20 letters if you can find one that communicates your message. Unfortunately, many short domains are already taken.

Make it Easy to Type

There are many letters that sound similar (C, V, B, and T) and there are common spelling rules (like I before E) that make certain phrases difficult to communicate. Sites like ICanHasCheezburger or Flickr are popular in spite of their strange names, not because of them. Another issue to keep in mind is unintended letter combinations. Imagine you are starting a site about Apple Computers and name it; it also spells There are some far funnier, and more unfortunate, domain names out there; don’t let your business fall prey to this.

Keyword Names Or Brand Name Domains?

A brand domain is the name of your business (e.g.,; a keyword domain is what your business does (e.g., You have to choose which way you are going to go based on what your business is. On one side, your clients know you by the name of your business; on the other side, including the name of your service or product helps people find you in the search engine results. Both have advantages, just don’t go overboard or your name will be difficult to share and talk about.

A domain name that matches your brand name can be very important. The name you use to advertise your product is the name that you will want for your domain, because that is the first thing people will try in their browser. Your brand is also the easiest thing for them to remember and will be searched in conjunction with your service when people use search engines.

Keyword Based Domains – domains that incorporate keywords communicate quickly what visitors should expect. Additionally, search engines use the words in your URL to determine your placement in their results. By choosing a domain that matches a keyword search, you may be able to rank higher for targeted keywords and thereby benefit from added traffic. could be a very useful for a realtor in Las Vegas, but it also means that you are competing with a huge number of other websites also targeting those keywords.

Brandable Domains – using a domain that is your name or your company name means that you have less work to do in your advertising to get people to the right place. But it also means that fewer people will stumble across your site while looking for your product/service in general.

Many of the most successful sites do not use keyword domains. These online businesses have chosen to go with a completely original domain, and brand it. A few examples are Yahoo!, Google, Amazon, Monster, and eBay. These large corporations are not naive about search engine optimization; they are putting emphasis on creating a brand name around their business. Consider the example of real estate again. If you give out many cards and have a memorable name, having a domain name that matches the way people think of you means you will keep more of the traffic produced.

You don’t have to choose one or the other, especially in local markets. Domains like,, or are quite brandable yet also incorporate a keyword. If possible I suggest that you err on the side of branding.

Tips for Branding.

Setting your brand apart with a unique moniker for your business helps you create a space on the web. Your brand should be more than a grouping of words; think along the lines of rather than

Make the domain unique to avoid losing traffic to another popular site. Avoid words that sound like existing brands and watch out for commonly misspelled words.

When you have settled on several available name choices, ask around to see what your friends and clients have to say. A name that may make perfect sense to you may be too hard for other people to remember. Is your domain easy to say? Is it hard to spell? Do you need to explain why you chose the name?

Collect a few words that are related to your service/product and related to your company name. Try several combinations to find the configuration that brings it all together to fit your vision.

Dot What?

If you’re looking to grow your web business for the long-term, you should have a preference for a .COM. Most users, except the very tech-savvy, assume .com when they are told a domain name. Claiming a .com makes it easy for your customers to navigate directly to your site. There is one major exception to this. If you are regionalized or specific to a particular country you will get significant value by owning a domain that is specific to that country; vs. will perform very differently in London than in New York City. If the web is not your primary channel, your Top Level Domain is of less concern.

When you try to register your business’s domain name, you may find the name you want is already taken. If your perfect domain name is not available in .com don’t give up. If you get creative you may be able to put together an alternate that is available. Or, you can just take a .net or .org. The only real difference is that you should be sure to always stress the extension in your marketing materials. So, if your site is you should always list your site as, and not The Dog Book. Over time, your consistency will pay off.

Be Careful with Hyphens and Numbers in Domain Names.

Should you get a hyphenated name? You will probably find that hyphenated versions of phrases are easier to find and result in fewer unexpected letter combinations. But there is a good reason that hyphenated names are less popular: it’s easy to forget the hyphens when typing a name. Many users are used to typing things like but not They’ll probably leave out the hyphens and wind up at your competitor’s site.

There is a second reason that hyphenated names can be problematic. Try verbally communicating a URL like or It is a hassle and people are very likely to miscommunicate or mistype it. I know a guy named Alex who runs a picture blog called; if you forget the dash you might visit a porn site, instead of pictures of presidents eating pancakes. When considering a hyphenated name, know the websites that your customers may end up at accidentally, and whether that is a risk you are willing to take.

Your decision will depend on how important a specific name is to your business. I recommend that you be sparing in your use of hyphens; if you need more than one hyphen you may want to do a little more brainstorming.

Numbers are another category of names that can be difficult to communicate. Even though 9west and NineWest are pretty simple to share verbally, you are still going to run the risk of people getting it wrong when they actually search for it.

Adding Articles, Verbs, or Adjectives to Domain Names.

Adding a descriptor to your name can help get around a name that is already taken. If you do choose to add descriptors or articles to your domain name, make sure that you are creating a strong distinction, and play up your additions in all marketing materials. Otherwise, you could be driving traffic to a competitor. For example, is virtually indistinguishable from in almost any medium. Any mention of one can easily drive traffic to the other.

Avoid Legal Issues.

Unfortunately, sometimes you come up with a great name only to find that it steps on a trademark or service mark held by another company. There are some companies that are happy to just buy the domain from you. The biggest issue here is probably the hassle that will arise if you have to change your name. Other companies may be more inclined to sue you. Spending an extra 15 minutes searching is much easier than re-branding your content or calling in your legal team.

Register Your Domain NOW.

If you have a good idea for a name or a future site, buy the name when you get the idea so you can have the most brandable version of the name.

One May Not Be Enough.

If you like a name but think it may be misspelled buy both versions. Don’t want anyone trying to piggyback on your brand? Buy all three major Top Level Domains (com, net, & org).

Don’t Overspend on Your Name.

If no one owns the domain you want, it should cost about $10, and less if you are buying in bulk or buying hosting at the same time. If someone currently owns the name or has a defunct business on it, you will need to negotiate an appropriate sale price. Appropriate really means what the name is worth to you. Never accept terms where you are leasing the name; make sure the domain registration is changed to your name, address and contact information.

There are many reputable domain sellers including GoDaddy, Yahoo!, 1&1, and DreamHost. If you choose to use commercial hosting you will likely be able to buy your domain directly from them.

My top rules for choosing a domain name are:

  • Keep it relevant, unique and easy to communicate
  • Get a top-three TLD (com, net, org)
  • If you need more than one hyphen, you should pick a different domain name
  • Buy early, and buy every iteration that you can.

Round Up of Carlos Content

Today I was quoted at Crazy Egg

The best lesson I have learned is that testing doesn’t have to be comprehensive to be effective. The first time that I used SilverBack was a defining moment. I recorded 5-minutes of a real person using an e-commerce site and was able to raise cart completion by 13-percent. It only takes a few minutes to solve customer problems if are willing to let go of your ego about the site and hold the customer sacred above all else.

Yesterday Unbounce released the Ultimate Guide to A/B Testing ebook.

What’s in the ebook?

This guide will teach you everything you need to know about A/B tesing, including the all important “What to Test”.

I had a major hand in writing the content of the ebook.

There should also be some good webinar videos coming out soon that I will make a page for. Just you wait. 🙂


What Are You Asking on Your Landing Page

We see 4 common types of element that help engage viewers on a page. The function is the most important, but there are many other elements that help grease the wheels or take down barriers that are in the way of conversion.

Function Elements—this is an element that is used to drive primary objectives: sale, lead, information gathering, click, or download. The function is the promise that your site makes. This is the most important element.

Up Sell Elements—taking your visitor from the initial promise to a bigger buy: sales, packages, accessories, and protection plans. Up sell are elements that increase to the level of business engagement. This can cannibalize your function element.

Long Sale Elements—elements that prolong the user engagement: RSS, newsletters, buyer clubs, credit card offers, contests, and logins. Long sale elements seek to embed your brand with the customer and inspire loyalty. These work best after the initial action.

Protection Elements—elements that assure the user: warranties, guarantees, certifications, etc. Protections are what keep the user safe. These elements help take down fear barriers.

Landing Page Tactics

There are many articles and books written on best practices for landing page optimization. That is not necessarily what this book is about. However, for this book, here is our list of top ten tactics that a landing page should employ:

  1. Clear path(s) for the visitor to follow to reach a desired goal.
  2. Simple, effective navigation. Don’t crowd the important areas with secondary levels.
  3. Utilize supplemental tools such as onsite search and a Help link.
  4. Color schemes and fonts—light background with dark text is the preferred method; utilizing your logo colors is advisable provided the color scheme makes the page easily readable.
  5. Easy to find Customer service, account, site map links along with telephone contact information.
  6. Personalization and empowerment terms such as “My Account,” “My Shopping Bag,” “My Itinerary,” “My Bookings,” etc.
  7. Use of cookies and caching—the ability to know the customer andadd personalization will not only aid the customer in their initial visit, but may also encourage them to sign up and/or return to the site for their future trip planning.
  8. Appropriate use of Web 2.0 tools such as Flash and Ajax—these tools are great for branding and for long sell techniques, but we feel that they are best suited somewhere else in the site and not on the landing page; however, advertising tools such as mobile web, RSS etc. are highly recommended.
  9. Make sure that your landing page is relevant to how the customer found you—don’t have a paid search link for hotels land on the default page where airlines are selected.
  10. Connect to people—post your awards (such as Customer Service Industry Leader, or Best Use of Web 2.0 Technology), or even include a spot for great customer feedback.

Coremetrics Doesn’t Suck

I was chatting with some colleagues about the recent IBM acquisition of Tealeaf and how IBM has really become a player in the Analytics market over the past two years, buying Unica, Coremetrics and now Tealeaf (and about a dozen other smaller analytics related companies in between). In the midst of the conversation, there was a comment made that stunned me: “Too bad Coremetrics sucks”. I responded, “Really? Why do you say that, what don’t you like about it?” This person responded back with, “Oh, I’ve never used it, I just heard it sucks.” I then spent ten minutes talking through some of the pros and cons of Coremetrics vs. Omniture and GA. Since I’ve used Omniture, Tealeaf and GA for the past year and used Coremetrics for five years prior to that.

I then had several conversations at a recent Seattle Web Analytics Wednesday, which further bolstered my opinion and at the same time helped give me further information about the tools that I have less experience with. (My conversations were with several Omniture power users and I trust their opinion on the tool)

I’ll state this before I go forward: I’m not paid by ANY analytics company so my opinion is only based on usage. None have asked me for my opinion.

My overall simplified opinion is this: If your goal is a large data set with multiple metrics spanning multiple categories (on the same level), Coremetrics core reporting suite is perfect for this. If you are looking for easily segmented advanced or company specific data, properly implemented Omniture code will give you easily accessible reports. If you are looking for an out of the box tool that is easy to navigate and you have a smallish data volume, and aren’t looking for a ton of advanced or company specific segmentation, then GA is a great tool for you. Tealeaf is not a great analytics tool, however it is a great monitoring tool, specifically for things like page latency and one off events such as error messages.

Now I’ll dive a little deeper into each tool:

Google Analytics is a great out of the box tool. Most small and medium sized business (by Internet traffic volume) can use this tool and not need any additional analytics tools.  Google’s UI is its best feature, it’s very fast while being very rich in visualization. You have the ability to quickly segment reports and can toggle between default reports and created dashboards very efficiently. It’s biggest flaw may be a lack of depth to the reporting. For example, you can only select three segments to trend in a report and you can only set ten unique metrics in the dashboard view. While I also like the quick left nav interface between report sections, however, I feel that the tabbed reports found in Coremetrics would be a great addition.

Tealeaf really doesn’t even belong in this conversation since I don’t really even view it as a reporting tool. However, Tealeaf’s greatest asset is its highly customized metric capabilities. However, this is also Tealeaf’s greatest issue. While there are some default metrics, most of Tealeaf’s unique value is based upon the events that the event admins create. Unfortunately, most of these events are simply count events and it’s very difficult to extract averages, etc without using Excel. Thus, Tealeaf for me, is a great monitoring tool but not a great analytics tool.

Coremetrics’ tabbed reporting is its best feature, though the Explore reports are a close second (the limited number of reports makes this number two and something I hope they change if they have not already). Again, for full data sets, Coremetrics is set up by default to provide this. However, where Coremetrics really falls short is a lack of segmentation options in their main reporting suite (and as of my last use, the Explore report segmentation did not include a full data set). In my experience, Coremetrics report load response times were very poor, but I’ve heard from other clients that this was not a big issue. Finally, my biggest complaint with Coremetrics was that marketing data is largely siloed from the customer interaction data, so it’s hard to tie the two together.

Omniture’s ability to quickly create new reports from pages in the current report is its best feature in addition to my previous statement about its segmentation capability. The ability to quickly add to a dashboard is also a great feature. As with Coremetrics, there’s a limitation around tying the marketing data in with the interaction data, but some of this can be solved by your variable segmentation if you choose to implement this way. As with GA, I think Omniture could benefit from having the multi tab feature that Coremetrics has so that you can more easily toggle between reports without closing a previous report, however I do think that Omnitures navigation is a bit superior to Google.

My final thoughts are that people should not throw out blind opinions. Especially in the data world. If you have no facts you cannot be an analyst. So, before you make a statement like, “XYZ Sucks” do some research, and learn for yourself before you come to that conclusion. I honestly don’t think Coremetrics is an overall inferior product to Omniture. I think that it has some limitations where Omniture beats it, but it also has some functionality and features that make it better that Omni in certain ways. I definitely think that GA should be part of the conversation as a solid product and I wish that I could get the chance to use Webtrends because I’d love to compare that product to these others.

At the end of the day, if you want to move up in the Web Analytics community, you cannot limit yourself to closed minded thinking. You can’t limit yourself to just using one product. Omniture does not dominate the category, contrary to opinion. Look at the facts, and you’ll find that Coremetrics has as many quality named clients as Omniture, and the products each have great qualities that will help you make sound and actionable insights for your company or client.

If you have used more than one of the above tools (Or Webtrends for that matter), what are your thoughts and preferences?

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